Urban Ecology can be explained as the study of interrelations between human life and the various processes in the surrounding environment, concentrated in an urban setting primarily. Traditional principles of urban design are focused on people and formal repetitive landscapes, while the remainder of the natural biodiversity is ignored or forgotten. The various components of this biodiversity- the flora, fauna and elements of the physical environment such as the hydrology and geology together interact to give rise to a diverse set of landscapes. Healthy and sustainable environments are formed when these are creatively incorporated into the design of urban spheres.
Urban ecology is a sensitive study of the components of the urban environment and focuses on cultivating natural processes into the development. It encompasses those processes that deal with the quality of urban life such as food production, energy, waste management, recycling etc.